Future wearable and their materials - part 2
Few things about protocells
Protocells are the precursors to life and they are at the barrier of living and non-living. Simplified chemical cells that can respond to environment, move, divide, fuse and even change and adapt without any intelligence.
What this has to do with the wearable tech? Having a shirt or a pair of pants that would be alive seems weird and also cruel. On the other part, having clothing that could know what we want without telling them and that respond to our needs would be clearly useful.
Shamees Aden is a designer that had the idea to create a pair of shoes for running, called Amoeba Trainer. They must be used with used without any type of socks, on barefoot. They are made from protocells that could respond to pressure, light and heat. Basically, due to this, the shoes could inflate and deflate themselves, providing support depending upon how firm is the surface of running. Their recharging process consists of sticking them into a jar of protocell energy liquid at the end of a day.
Straps and gloves that mould themselves to fit you better are also great ideas. Shirts that are getting thinner as the ambient temperature increases are a great idea as well.
All of these though are at the stage of conceptual so take your time and don't expect them to be so soon in the shops.
Making miracles with Graphene and Silicene
The graphene material is strong, incredible light and flexible and the perfect electrical conductor. From this material, you can make sheets that are just one atom thick and there are so many possibilities. The problem is that this graphene is one of the most expensive materials on Earth. Every big company that has the resources to obtain this material is interested, such as Samsung or Plastic Logic.
Silicene is almost identical to graphene but it has differences in its atom structure. This was just a theoretical material until recently but some researchers finally created some and shown what you can do with it. The thinnest electronic chips known in mankind can be made from this material but who knows when this will be available.
What are the Biopolymers?
Living chain materials produced by living organisms are the biopolimers. They come in different kinds but not all of those can be used to make wearables. The human DNA is one example of biopolymer but one that cannot be used for these purposes.
Cellulose is the biopolymer that is the most abundant and which can be found in cell walls of all plants. Through a complicated process, it can be transformed to a version of cellulose leather. Garments can also be created out of it and more easily than the leather.
Other people, like Suzanne Lee, the founder of the biocreative design agency Biocuture, thinks that microbes will represent your living factories in the future. She thinks that clothing will even repair and adjust itself at need.
These are only future projects but biopolymers are used in real situations. One of them is the Foxleaf bra created for those at risk of breast cancer.